Recent Posts from the Mumena Team

Tuesday, August 12, 2008

Love Letters (Culture): Follow Jesus, not Me

Sawanda: "If anyone has not been baptized, then you need to be baptized next time Rick is here."

Rick: "Why don't we go right now?"

Sawanda: "They don't have a change of clothes."

Rick: "Ok, why don't they go home and when they come back, you can baptize them later today."

Sawanda: "We will wait until you come back."


Sometimes, as missionaries in Africa, the color of our skin causes problems. Because of the history of Zambia, white people are considered "better" by the Zambians. When we are shopping in town, everybody calls us "boss." This even sometimes happens when we are among brothers and sisters at church service.


Therefore, we are constantly avoiding this perception. We do our best to appear as equals, but this is impossible to achieve completely. Everything from our homes, our cars, our clothes, and our food displays an economic difference.


However, with appropriate attitudes and policies, we can prevent many problems. Here are some actions we try to avoid:

  • Giving Items Away - This increases the gap by making people feel like beggars. We will not build a church building or do anything that the Kaonde should provide for themselves. Also, we are very careful about giving away Bibles: We will do this through the church leadership when appropriate. A great sign will be when people start to buy Bibles for themselves. At that time, it will be obvious that they are investing themselves and serving God with everything.
  • Taking Authority - Once a church is planted, they have their own leadership. We may attend with them, and we will teach when they ask, but we will not make decisions for them or otherwise control them.
  • Separating Ourselves - We want to become like the Kaonde. We should learn how to communicate properly in the Kaonde culture, learn KiKaonde as well as possible, eat food that is offered to us, establish friendships, and spend time with them.
  • Appearing as Special Christians - We constantly encourage people to know that we are equals in God's sight. Those of us who have come to Christ and accepted his forgiveness, are all brothers and sisters.

Another policy I will set for myself will hopefully confront and correct the attitude about baptism. In 1 Corinthians 1:10-17, Paul said he was glad that he did not baptize many so that they could not claim they were baptized into Paul's name. He wanted the Corinthians to follow Jesus, not himself. Therefore, I have decided that I will not baptize anyone myself. Instead, I will ask one of the Zambians to do it. Baptism is a promise made between that person and God, and the one baptizing has absolutely nothing to do with it. If someone wants to be baptized by the white preacher, then they are missing the entire point.


Next time I return to Kankuwa, I will need to teach about this. Hopefully, they will understand that Baptism is in the name of Jesus not in the name of the white person.

Monday, August 11, 2008

Davis Missionary Journey: Cognitive Domains

Our team wrestled for a couple of hours in our team meeting Saturday with Kaonde cognitive domains. Whatever are “cognitive domains”? We all have them, but we seldom talk about them. And if we haven’t worked with people from a foreign culture, we may not even be aware of them. We think of cognitive domains as “mental file folders for the way people perceive reality”. One doesn’t have to work in a different culture for long before one finds that our culture’s file folders are not the same as other culture’s file folders:

Axon is a Kaonde hunter. He has never seen television or read a book of fiction. So he has no file folder for “make believe”. While passing through the house one day, Noah and Bryson were watching “Jurassic Park” via video. Tyrannosaurus Rex caught his eye, and after a couple of minutes, Axon remarked, “American animals… dangerous.”


Cognitive domains have tremendous impact on the ways missionaries have to learn from the local people how to teach the Word of God. A culture hears, analyses, and learns with its culture’s current cognitive domains. The problem comes when the way God views reality is drastically different from the people’s view that we are trying to teach. Sometimes, we have to “build new file folders of reality” for our students before they will be able to understand the Kingdom of God. Of course, Satan is a master at stealing cognitive domains. If he can remove from our minds entire file folders of reality, he can hide truth very easily.


“they are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God”
Ephesians 4:18 RSV


It makes you wonder how many of my own file folders might be missing!


“Do not be conformed to this world but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that you may prove what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect.”
Romans 12:2 RSV


Planning to share a few cognitive domain stories over the next few weeks,

Brian, Sondra, Noah, & Bryson


Pictured: Noah and Bryson hunting “not-so-dangerous” poultry with Axon.

Monday, August 4, 2008

Davis Missionary Journey: Out of the Ashes of Despair

Team Meeting - July 26, 2008:

“The Kananga church plant may not make it.”

“Why, it had been going so well?”

“The Musole family, the backbone of this young church plant, had a 13 year old daughter who went to get vegetables in the market and never returned. That was two weeks ago. The extended family is now calling for the diviners to be brought-in in order to find the girl. The Musoles are devastated, and if they submit to the witch doctors, the church will likely not recover. Each week fewer members attend.”


Kananga Worship - August 3, 2008 (10:45 AM):

“Sondra, worship was to start at 10:00. No one is coming. I’m afraid it’s over.”

(while driving away) “Who is that coming through the bush?... It’s Mr. Musole.”

“Sorry, we are late.” (11 other members of the church emerge from the bush following Mr. Musole.)


Same Day / The Lord’s Supper (11:45 AM):

“As the head of the Musole family, I want to ask for the forgiveness of God and the church. For a couple of weeks, I have consented to pay the diviners. But I have decided to stop now; no one is above God. Our daughter is gone… We don’t even know if she is alive or dead… But God must care for her now. Maybe God will bring her back to us in a year… 10 years maybe. Regardless, my family will trust in God alone. We need your prayers. We are weak.”

“And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil…”

Matthew 6:13 KJV

Will you join us in prayer for the Musoles?

Brian, Sondra, Noah, & Bryson 


Pictured: Diviners and witchcraft still pose serious threats to the faith & lives of our new Christians.

“For these nations, which thou shalt possess, hearkened unto observers of times, and unto diviners: but as for thee, the Lord thy God hath not suffered thee so to do.”

Deuteronomy 18:14 KJV

Saturday, August 2, 2008

Love Letters (Life): The Un-typical Day

A few people have asked what a typical day is like living in Zambia. Here are a few different perspectives:


In Zambia, anything unexpected can happen at any moment. There are two ways of dealing with this: Schedule your week and fail every time to accomplish what you had planned, or go with the flow.


I've never really liked schedules anyway, so going with the flow works pretty well for me. However, if you are a highly productive American, you may have difficulty understanding how I get anything done. Well, first of all, I'm not here to "do" anything. I'm here to build relationships. The most important relationship I want to encourage is between each Kaonde and God. This isn't like a task I can complete and check off. It requires a lifestyle of building relationships with the Kaonde myself and constantly encouraging them to love and serve God. A "productive American" will never succeed at this task. The biggest flaw in the American culture is that people are too busy to build relationships. This is a major reason why marriages fail, children rebel, and Christians ignore God. It really is a great blessing to slow down and live close to the earth.


Let me try to give some practical examples of how this works.


Even while typing this, I can expect to be interrupted many times. Karen asked me to start a fire, someone came over asking to borrow a chair, some guys in the backyard (who are finishing a thatch roof that will provide shade for the children's jungle gym) needed a hammer, and Matthew and Lydia have been playing around me.


If my mindset is one of productivity, I would quickly become very frustrated. However, I accepted years ago by learning from other missionaries, that there is no productivity in Africa. If I am interrupted to do something else, that is fine, I will do something else. I can finish this later.


My highest priority is building relationships. That will trump anything else I am trying to do. If I am busy working and someone walks by and greets me, I will stop what I am doing and spend 15 minutes talking with them and "wasting time." That is the African way. It is a major reason why things seem so inefficient here. But it is also a major reason why people are so happy, have strong family values, and work together as a community.


The situation is very ironic: We Americans wish that we would spend more time with our families and less time working. However, we criticize the Africans who spend most of their time building relationships and neglect their work.


[I just spent 20 minutes going to get some more grass for the thatch roof for the jungle gym in the backyard.]


So each day is different. I have a few different projects that I need to finish around the house:

  • Finishing the closet/storage in our room
  • Building a storage room outside for my tools
  • Improving our solar system in terms of safety and efficiency
  • Combining the solar system for the water pumps into our houses' electrical system so that we can power the water pumps off our house batteries or generator
  • Building more storage space in the kitchen area
  • Building some shelves in the living room for pictures
    [I just spent 10 minutes trying to find something to entertain Lydia because she was done swinging.]
  • Fixing the torn screen on our back door
  • Securing our gas bottles to the wall to make them safer
    [I just spend 10 minutes talking with Don Boyd, checking the water level and turning the water pumps off, and getting an electric plug adapter for Phil Sullivan.]
  • Building a water level indicator for the water tanks
  • Building an overflow pipe for the water tanks so the spilt water can be used for watering trees

I usually try to work on one of these projects during the morning. Then in the afternoon, I try to prepare a Bible study, teach a Bible study, or learn KiKaonde. However, often I might switch things around or end up working on a project longer into the afternoon in order to complete it because I am interrupted so much in the morning.


Well, now it is time to eat lunch. I'll try to get Karen to tell us about her day soon, but it is difficult for her to spend much time on the computer. I will watch the children and even then she will be interrupted more than I usually am.



My average day. Hum... I get up when our little early bird (Lydia) wakes up. Feed her and change her diaper. By then Matthew is getting up. After I've played with the kids for a little while I start preparing breakfast. Generally cereal though once in a while I pull out a real American treat (Pop Tarts), or make Matthew's all time favorite (pancakes).


Rick generally eats with us but a lot of times he gets interrupted by workers coming who are wanting to talk to him. "Is Mr. Leike here?" The Kaonde have trouble pronouncing their "R's" (Poor guy, sometimes he can hardly finish a cup of hot chocolate).


After breakfast, I grab which ever kid is the closest and get him or her dressed for the day and then grab the next one. After the kids are dressed, I play with them for a while. Sometime around 9:30 I start to prepare lunch. I get interrupted a lot due to the fact that our front door has turned into a revolving door. Either workers are coming, fellow missionaries have questions, kids want to come over and play with the "Muzungu" (white) kids, or people come to ask for something just because we're white. Also, our sweet Matthew and Lydia want to play with their Mama.


All throughout the morning I'm preparing lunch (in between interruptions). Finally around 12:00 lunch is ready and we send all the kids home, wash hands, and eat. After lunch it's time to clean up dishes, play with the kids for a bit, and then nap time. Then, during nap time the whole revolving front door cycle begins again. Also, I am trying to prepare for super until about 5 o'clock when we tell the kids that it's time to go home.


After 5 we have only a few kids knocking on our door wanting to play (which we send home) and then the parents start to come (especially mothers) wanting to spend time with me (which I understand since they've been working in the fields or working all day). We sit down and swap stories and share about our day. Also, we share about each others' culture and laugh as I try to learn new KiKaonde words. After the mothers leave with their babies, tied to their backs I rush and give the kids their daily bath and finish up super in hopes to get it done by 6. After super, it's time to tuck Lydia in bed (around 7) and play with Matthew. We read bed time stories until 8:30, then lights out for him. After he's in bed, I finish cleaning up the supper dishes. Then, I sometimes prepare meals that I can freeze, catch up on e-mails, or just brush my teeth, call it a day, and crawl into bed.


Our days may sound busy, but they are the good kind of busy in which relationships between ourselves as a family or our friends have a chance to deepen. Sometimes, Rick kidnaps me and the kids and takes us away for a surprise picnic or a trip to town(about 45 minutes away). In town, we do our weekly grocery shopping (or market shopping). Also, we eat at this little crack in the wall place with really good french fries and chicken. Yumm. Well, that's pretty much it for me.


Rick: Matthew, what do you do during the day?

Matthew: I do the slide, Mommy tries to swing me outside.

Rick: What else do you do?

Matthew: I push Daddy's button right here. Turn off, Daddy.

Rick: What else do you do?

Matthew: I do broke your computer.

Rick: No, you don't, silly. What else do you like to play outside?

Matthew: I play number games. [Matthew starts singing.]

Rick: Do you play the letter game on the computer.

Matthew: Yes. The letter game's... you push the button and click it.

[Matthew walks away to play with the Thomas the train toys in his room.]


Matthew spends most of his time playing outside. He can jump on a trampoline, go down the slide, swing (although he needs someone to push him), play in the sand, or play with any of his outside toys. When he is not outside, he is often playing with the toys in his bedroom.

Usually, in the afternoon other children come over to play in the backyard. He always enjoys playing with them.

About three times a week we play a game on the computer to help him learn his letter sounds and simple words. A few times a week we can even play his favorite game on the Wii, Mario Party, for about 15 minutes.



Rick: Lydia, look at me... What do you do during the day?

Lydia: ...

Rick: Do you like to play outside?

Lydia: ...

Rick: Do you like to play with the balls outside?

Lydia: ...

Rick: Do you like to jump on the trampoline with Matthew?

Lydia: ...

Rick: Do you like to swing outside?

[Lydia gets down off my lap, walks across the room, and starts playing with some toys.]


Although Lydia may not converse much, she does like to play with Matthew outside. However, she demands much attention from Karen and won't play for long on her own. When other children play with her (like Noah and Bryson Davis or some African kids we trust), it gives Karen some time to get work done. But if Karen really needs to focus on something, she either does it at night when both children are asleep or asks me to watch them for a while.